Trehalose is a natural sugar molecule that is found in various organisms, ranging from plants and bacteria to fungi and invertebrates. It is made up of two glucose molecules connected together, giving it a unique structure and properties. Trehalose is known for its exceptional ability to protect cells and biological structures under stressful conditions.
Trehalose is believed to possess antioxidant properties, which can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Studies have suggested that trehalose may have protective effects on the brain and could be beneficial in neurodegenerative diseases. The unique properties and potential health advantages of trehalose make it an intriguing area of research and application in various industries.
Trehalose does not affect the glycemic index and helps with insulin resistance and reducing fat cell growth. It also increases the production of energy-producing beige fat cells and enhances energy expenditure, making it a potential aid in combating obesity. Studies have shown that daily trehalose intake can lead to lower post-meal blood glucose levels, potentially preventing the progression of type II diabetes. Trehalose also activates cellular autophagy and has been linked to clearing mutant proteins associated with Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases. Trehalose can be used as a sweetener and can be taken as a supplement, with a recommended dose of 5 grams three times daily.