Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

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NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are medications that are used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and lower fever. They work by blocking certain enzymes in the body that contribute to pain and inflammation. You can find NSAIDs in both over-the-counter and prescription forms, such as tablets, capsules, creams, and gels. Two common examples are aspirin and ibuprofen. They are commonly used to treat conditions like arthritis, headaches, menstrual cramps, and minor injuries.

Potential side effects, especially at high doses for a long time, include:

Stomach irritation

Increased bleeding risk

Kidney problems