Gut-Brain Axis

[ gut-breyn AK-sis ]

The gut-brain axis refers to the bidirectional communication network between the gastrointestinal system (the gut) and the brain. It involves a complex interaction between the central nervous system (CNS) and the enteric nervous system (ENS), as well as the gut microbiota. The gut-brain axis allows for communication through neural, hormonal, and immune pathways. This connection plays a crucial role in various physiological processes, including digestion, metabolism, immune function, and even mental health.